Analyzing the Singapore Waste Model- Lesson for India

The Waste Paradox

A flourishing economy is signalled by a growing GDP; which is the manifestation of a rise in production of goods and services. To support the production growth, extraction of raw materials also increases. However, when the extraction takes place without proper management and inefficient technology, raw materials get wasted - leading to an increase in the solid waste produced by the country. If we look at it from the demand side, when an economy grows, its purchasing power increases. Consumers demand more goods and services, which in turn creates an influx in production. Consequently, extraction and waste of raw materials grow at the same pace.

The graph attached below is a graph comparing the percentage change in GDP of India and the percentage change in Solid waste generated in the country from 2013 to 2020. The slope of both the growth rates (GDP and solid waste generated) is analogous in most years, implying that the rate at which India's GDP increases is the same as the rate at which the solid waste produced in the country rises.